SAMI'S REARING AND FARMING
Cabin no. 20/A, 3rd Floor, Vasta House
Noble Chambers, Near R.P.I House,Janambhoomi Marg, Fort
Mumbai, Maharashtra 400001
ph: +91 9820099443 / +91 9867239443
In India, chicken is the most popular of the poultry species Followed by ducks & quails. Of late, with some popularization through Newspaper write ups, television coverage & Exhibitions, about 250-300 Progressive farmers of Maharastra state have started Emu farming with 25 to 200 pairs in Pune, Thane, Nasik, Akola, Ahmed Nagar, Beed, Kolhapur districts and many more are coming up for guidance and Inquiring about the availability of bank loan for establishment of A new farm or expansion of existing farms. At present more than 10,000 pairs of Emu reared by the farmers in the state. For large scale production of meat oil And skin there is a long term potential for breeding and rearing of more than 75000 Emus. To promote such innovative project activity in the state this can accelerate capital Formation in the rural area. NABARD, MRO, Pune has taken a decision to formulate a Model project for rearing of Emu as there is a increasing demand for such unit in coming Years.
We need to Diversify to other species of poultry in order to reap more profits. Considering this let us Discuss about Emu,
breed of bird which attains upto 65 Kg.wt. & 5.6 ft. hight on Maturity.Emu belong to Ratite family of birds & is the third biggest bird species after Ostrich & Cassowary. The birds have small wings & are in capable of Flying. Australia is the place of Origin for the birds.
Emu is a social bird with dark whitish complexion. The birds live in groups & Can thrive under varying climatic conditions ranging 0 degree C. to 52 degree C. These Birds are Omnivorous and eat leaves, vegetables, fruits, insects, worms. They can be feed Modified poultry feed.
It is clarified by the Chief Conservator of forest, GOM, Pune that Emu is an exotic bird and it has not been included in any of the schedules of wildlife (protection) Act, 1972. The provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 and rules made there under are not applicable for these birds. As such no permission from forest Department is necessary For rearing, farming and selling of these birds.
Recognizing the economic importance. Australian Government in 1975 Started domesticating these birds living in Jungles by establishing big farms. This Activity spread to America. France and other European countries in the early eighties. It is reported that there are about 90,000 Emu farms in America and an Emu Association Was established in 1993. The activity has also spread to China, Japan, Malaysia and Korea.
One Emu farm by name Vijaya Ratite Farm (Pvt.) Ltd. Was established by Shri P. Satyanarayana IN Andhra Pradesh in 1996 on small scale. Similarly in Maharastra state Shri.Ganesh Kale& Group introduced 20 pairs of Emu during 2001 &in Baramati Shri. Sandip Taware has established first Emu Farm with 10 pairs in April 2002. He has also established Emu hatchery.
At present There are Four Emu Association in India. One is at Hydra Bad name of INDIAN EMU ASSOCIATION” Mumbai “NATIONAL EMU ASSOCIATION” headed by Shri. Sami Tambatkar. This two association working all India level. And in Maharastra level at Baramati in the name of “Maha Emu Association” headed by Shri. Sandip Taware and another at Pune in the name “Emu Farmer Association”. Headed by Mrs. Chitralekha Mehta. The experience of the farmer has been encouraging.
The birds reach their full size by the end of 1st year. They grow up to 5.5 to 6 feet With a weight of 40to 70 kgs. Laying period in India starts after 18 to 24 months and Eggs are laid during September to February. Eggs are dark bluish green in colour with a weight of 450 to 700 gms . A bird can lay 20-60 eggs in a season. Incubation period is 50- 52 days and newly hatched bird will be of 6-7”in height. The lift span of the bird is 30-35 years. The productive economic life of the bird is 20.25 years.
It is reported that the price of Rs.18, 000/- a pair of 3 months old Birds and the price of Rs.40, 000/- a pair of 15 months old Birds having live body weight each 40 to 50 kg. and the birds are used for table purpose.
Meat of Emu bird is reddish in colour, soft and with less of cholesterol 98% fat free. Emu meat is lower in fat than Chicken. Turkey, Pork & Beef It is the “Super Food of the New Millennium”. The price commands higher price than that of meat from Other birds/animal and is reported at Rs. 300-450 per Kg. The American Heart Association has included Emu meant in its listing of heart healthy meats.
THE HEALTHY RED MEAT
EMU IS A VERY LEAN (98% FAT FREE) RED MEAT SIMILAR TO BEEF IN BOTH TASTE AND APPEARANCE. EMU ARE HIGHER IN PROTEIN, VITAMIN C AND IRON COMPARED TO BEEF; LOWER IN CHOLESTEROL COMPARED TO CHICKEN. EMU GIVES RED MEAT LOVERS WHAT THEY WANT AND HEALTH CONSCIOUS CONSUMERS WHAT THEY NEED. IN FACT, THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION RECOGNIZES EMU MEAT AS A HEALTHY ALTERNATIVE TO BEEF.
Feathers are soft non allergic / anti static, beautiful double quilled and are used In hats, dresses, computer and car cleaning brushes and household decorative items. About 400 to 600 Gms of feathers would be available from a bird and each bird would Fetch about Rs. 200/- at present.
The skin is very thin, soft and strong. Price of good quality skin is reported Rs.700/- to Rs.1000/- per Sq ft. and 8-12 sq.ft of skin is available from a well matured bird. The skin is used in the preparations of shoes, bags, belts, purses, jerkins and seat covers for expensive cars. At present raw skin of a matured bird would fetch about Rs. 1000 1200/-.
EGG SHELLS AND NAILS :
The egg shell are used for painting and as decorative items due to deep Blue Colour. Nails are strong and decor able used in artificial ornaments and craft goods.
About 4-6 a litter of oil is available from a bird which is devoid of any colour taste and odor. At present market prices, the price of one litter refined Emu oil is Rs. 3000/- to Rs. 4000/- The oil is penetrating and is having moisturizing. Analgesic, ant allergic and antiseptic properties. The oil is used in analgesic ointments, beauty creams and lotions, soaps, hair oils, shampoos, perfumes and massage oils. The raw fat/crude oil of Emu fetches Rs.1000 per Kg.
A number of studies have been conducted and are currently being
conducted throughout the world on facts of the Emu oil, including its composition, benefits, applications in different industries and the resulting properties of compounds formulated with the oil.
Traditionally Emu oil has been used for treatment of muscle and joint pains.
Clinical experience with Emu oil has shown that it's two major benefits are its anti- inflammatory properties and its ability to penetrate the skin. It also appears to provide some solar protection. The penetrating effect appears to be related to its non-phosphorous composition. “Our skin is phospho - lipid deficient. In other words, there is no phosphorous in our skin. If you put anything on your skin that has phosphorous in it, your skin is 'programmed' to keep it from penetrating. Anytime you put anything on your skin that is phospholipid deficent, or has no phosphorous, it penetrates right through ". Researchers who have analyzed the oil found that there is a compound in oil that they believe is the key to its effectiveness. This compound molecule is believed to be collagen. Collagen is found in chickens and turkeys in a very diluted form. However, the test result on the Emu show this molecule to be present in an extremely concentrated form.
Research and development of Emu oil using in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals is rapidly expanding. Emu oil has been documented to exhibit the following properties and/or has been used for the following purposes.
The bird is able to see up to a distance of 10 meters and its eyes are being used To Replace damages corneas in human beings.
15 months old Emu broiler weighing 40 Kg. slaughtered for oil, meat and skin etc. The utility is as under:-
Present market price of produce per unit
43% boneless meat
Rs. 300/- to Rs. 450/ Kg.
14% bone meat
Rs. 200/ Kg.
5% feather & skin
Rs. 200 + Rs. 1000
Rs. 1000 / Kg (raw oil)
3% leg skin
usable but not saleable at present.
usable but not saleable at present.
usable but not saleable at present.
About 96% useable bird
Rs. 3000/- to Rs. 4000/- Per Liter.
Height at birth
8 - 10 inches
5 - 6 feet tall
100 - 140 pounds
Black and Brown
Generally Robust, Hardy
35 to 40 years (approx)
Up to 25 years
Eggs per year
Average egg laying 10 to 15 eggs
in the first breeding season,
gradually increases up to 20-30
eggs in subsequent breeding
Age at slughter
16 – 18 months
48 - 52 days
Percentage of eggs
Approximately 70 percent
Space per Adult
600 sq.ft. red and hardy soil